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Volvo 142GT Update

by Glenn Cowderoy, Australia

 

Glenn has listed various amendment and additional information to the original 142GT page made by Hans-Peter Rombouts.

Paragraph 4, should include Factory performance development of the 140 series started in 1968, with an extensive range of 140 performance parts made publicly available in later 1969, being developed and retailed via Volvo's "Competition Department", catalogued as "Competition" parts / kits.

Para 5, should include from late 1970, a 140S sedan model could be optioned or retro fitted with a dealer supplied and fitted "GT kit". All model Volvos could also access selected items of this kit, excluding badges, available as individual GT accessories. The GT kit was devised by Volvo's styling engineers and, had no relationship to, or part of the "Competition Department" performance range of parts. The performance of any model Volvo, including a GT, could be enhanced by adding one of the many "Competition Department", or from 1971 the renamed "Competition Service Department", tuning kits or components.

Para 6, The Factory (Sweden) "GT Kit" provided a sports instrument panel, special steering wheel, GT badges / emblem kit, GT stripe and, bumper mounted spot / fog lamps where lighting regulations permitted. Extra cost GT items included alloy wheels, sports dampers and, from late 1971 a pistol grip gear knob was added to the range. No tuning kits or additional performance components were offered as part of the Factory GT kit or its associated accessories. This GT kit and a majority of associated accessories were discontinued early 1975, following the demise of the 140 series.

Additional items, purchased separately, such as front spoiler, Rally Grill, Tuning kits or other performance items would be selected from the unrelated "Competition Parts" catalogue.
Prior to 1975, 4 tuning kits were available, including a B18 - 125HP kit (also adaptable to a B20), B20 special 1 (140HP), special 2 (165HP) and, special 3 (180HP) 2.2 liter. From late 1975, the "Competition Service" department adopted the GT name, and subsequently referenced a number of their own parts and accessories as GT items. A B20 GT tuning kit was also introduced as the replacement for the discontinued B18 kit. The B20 GT tuning kit provided 119HP bolt on, or 128HP when combined with a "Competition service" Rally exhaust system.
To confuse matters, factory assembled GT models were produced in Canada / North America and Germany. These specials were assembled using mostly factory GT kit components, often combined with an optional "Competition Department" special 1 (140HP) engine. Canadian / North American models can be identified by the different GT badge fixed to the rear panel and, often the lack of GT stripes fitted.

Para 7, should include the Australian developed Repco- Brabham Head, designed by motorsport legend Phil Irving, was developed during 1967 for the B18 engine, put to use during the 1968 Rally season. This kit was later fitted to the B20 engine.

Para 8, should include, for 1969, the Repco B20 version produced a maximum of 180 HP with race camshaft, or a more reliable 150 HP or so when using factory "D" performance camshaft.

Para 9, should include, in 1969 Volvo Australia produced a small number of high performance prototype 142's, identified as Repco 142R and, promoted as such. AB Volvo (Sweden) stopped production of this HI PO Model, citing reliability and public safety issues. Ironically, shortly after stopping this project, AB Volvo released their own range of Tuning kits to the public, offering similar power outputs to the Repco engines.

by Glenn Cowderoy, Australia

 

 

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